Newlyn Fish Market - boats due to land.

Sunday, 27 December 2020

All the Fish related bits in the Brexit deal to read at your leisure: Articles 1-19.

Quota shares over the first five years:

The UK’s quota shares will increase within a 25% envelope. The increases will be phased in over 5 years

Year 1 15% 
Year 2 17.5% 
Year 3 20% 
Year 4 22.5% 
Year 5 25% 

The specific stocks for which will quota will be increased, and the % increase by stock have been agreed but the information is not yet available Access In return, EU has full access to fish in UK waters during the adjustment period. There will be annual negotiations, but these will focus on setting TACs. This access includes grandfather rights for vessels who have a track record of fishing within the 6-12 nm limit. (At least one day in every year of reference period). At the end of the adjustment period, access will become a matter of annual negotiation. 

Access applies to all stocks including the main pelagic stocks. If access is denied after the end of the 5-year adjustment period, the EU holds the right to deny access to EU waters and to apply proportionate tariffs to UK fishery products. Regulatory Autonomy There will be regulatory autonomy. The UK will be able to develop its own fisheries management systems outside the CFP as long as the measures are non-discriminatory.

Article FISH.1: 

Sovereign rights of coastal States exercised by the Parties The Parties affirm that sovereign rights of coastal States exercised by the Parties for the purpose of exploring, exploiting, conserving and managing the living resources in their waters should be conducted pursuant to and in accordance with the principles of international law, including the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982.

Article FISH.2: Objectives and principles

The Parties shall cooperate with a view to ensuring that fishing activities for shared stocks in their waters are environmentally sustainable in the long term and contribute to achieving economic and social benefits, while fully respecting the rights and obligations of independent coastal States as exercised by the Parties. The Parties share the objective of exploiting shared stocks at rates intended to maintain and progressively restore populations of harvested species above biomass levels that can produce the maximum sustainable yield. The Parties shall have regard to the following principles:

(a) applying the precautionary approach to fisheries management;

(b) promoting the long-term sustainability (environmental, social and economic) and optimum utilisation of shared stocks;

(c) basing conservation and management decisions for fisheries on the best available scientific advice, principally that provided by the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES);

(d) ensuring selectivity in fisheries to protect juvenile fish and spawning aggregations of fish, and to avoid and reduce unwanted bycatch;

(e) taking due account of and minimising harmful impacts of fishing on the marine ecosystem and taking due account of the need to preserve marine biological diversity;

(f) applying proportionate and non-discriminatory measures for the conservation of marine living resources and the management of fisheries resources, while preserving the regulatory autonomy of the Parties;

(g) ensuring the collection and timely sharing of complete and accurate data relevant for the conservation of shared stocks and for the management of fisheries;

(h) ensuring compliance with fisheries conservation and management measures, and combating illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing; and

(i) ensuring the timely implementation of any agreed measures into the Parties’ regulatory Frameworks.

Article FISH.3: Definitions

For the purposes of this Heading the following definitions apply: 

(a) “EEZ” (of a Party) means, in accordance with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982:

(i) in the case of the Union, the exclusive economic zones established by its Member States adjacent to their European territories;

(ii) the exclusive economic zone established by the United Kingdom;

(b) “precautionary approach to fisheries management” means an approach according to which the absence of adequate scientific information does not justify postponing or failing to take management measures to conserve target species, associated or dependent species and nontarget species and their environment;

(c) “shared stocks” means fish, including shellfish of any kind that are found in the waters of the Parties, which includes molluscs and crustaceans;

(d) “TAC” means the total allowable catch, which is the maximum quantity of a stock (or stocks) of a particular description that may be caught over a given period;

(e) “non-quota stocks” means stocks which are not managed through TACs;

(f) “territorial sea” (of a Party) means, in accordance with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982:

(i) in the case of the Union, by derogation from Article FINPROV.1(1) [Territorial scope],

the territorial sea established by its Member States adjacent to their European territories;

(ii) the territorial sea established by the United Kingdom;

(g) “waters” (of a Party) means:

(i) in respect of the Union, by derogation from Article FINPROV.1(1)[Territorial scope], the EEZs of the Member States and their territorial seas;

(ii) in respect of the United Kingdom, its EEZ and its territorial sea, excluding for the purposes of Articles FISH.8 [Access to waters], FISH.9 [Compensatory measures in case of withdrawal or reduction of access] and Annex FISH.4 [Protocol on access to waters] the territorial sea adjacent to the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey and the Isle of Man;

(h) “vessel” (of a Party) means:

(i) in the case of the United Kingdom, a fishing vessel flying the flag of the United Kingdom, registered in the United Kingdom, the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey or the Isle of Man, and licensed by a UK fisheries administration;

(ii) in the case of the Union, a fishing vessel flying the flag of a Member State and is registered in the Union.

Chapter two: Conservation and sustainable exploitation

Article FISH.4: 

Fisheries management Each Party shall decide on any measures applicable to its waters in pursuit of the objectives set out in Article FISH.2(1) and (2)[Objectives and principles], and having regard to the principles referred to in Article FISH.2(3) [Objectives and principles]. A Party shall base the measures referred to in paragraph 1 on the best available scientific advice.

A Party shall not apply the measures referred to in paragraph 1 to the vessels of the other Party in its waters unless it also applies the same measures to its own vessels.

The second subparagraph is without prejudice to obligations of the Parties under the Port State Measures Agreement, the North East Atlantic Fisheries Commission Scheme of Control and Enforcement, the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organisation Conservation and Enforcement Measures, and the Recommendation 18-09 by International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing.

The Specialised Committee on Fisheries may amend the list of pre-existing international obligations referred to in the third subparagraph.

Each Party shall notify the other Party of new measures as referred to in paragraph 1 that are likely to affect the vessels of the other Party before those measures are applied, allowing sufficient time for the other Party to provide comments or seek clarification. 

Article FISH.5: 

Authorisations, compliance and enforcement Where vessels have access to fish in the waters of the other Party pursuant to Article FISH.8 [Access to waters] and Article FISH.10 [Access to waters of the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey and the Isle of Man]:

(a) each Party shall communicate in sufficient time to the other Party a list of vessels for which it

seeks to obtain authorisations or licences to fish; and

(b) the other Party shall issue authorisations or licences to fish.

Each Party shall take all necessary measures to ensure compliance by its vessels with the rules applicable to those vessels in the other Party’s waters, including authorisation or licence conditions.

Chapter three: Arrangements on access to waters and resources 

Article FISH.6: Fishing opportunities

By 31 January of each year, the Parties shall cooperate to set the schedule for consultations with the aim of agreeing TACs for the stocks listed in Annex FISH.1 for the following year or years. That schedule shall take into account other annual consultations among coastal States that affect either or both of the Parties. The Parties shall hold consultations annually to agree, by 10 December of each year, the TACs for the following year for the stocks listed in Annex FISH.1. This shall include an early exchange of views on priorities as soon as advice on the level of the TACs is received. The Parties shall agree those TACs:

(a) on the basis of the best available scientific advice, as well as other relevant factors, including socio-economic aspects; and

(b) in compliance with any applicable multi-year strategies for conservation and management agreed by the Parties.

The Parties’ shares of the TACs for the stocks listed in Annex FISH.1 shall be allocated between the Parties in accordance with the quota shares set out in that Annex.

Annual consultations may also cover, inter alia: (a) transfers of parts of one Party’s shares of TACs to the other Party;

(b) a list of stocks for which fishing is prohibited;

(c) the determination of the TAC for any stock which is not listed in Annex FISH.1 or Annex FISH.2 and the Parties’ respective shares of those stocks;

(d) measures for fisheries management, including, where appropriate, fishing effort limits;

(e) stocks of mutual interest to the Parties other than those listed in the Annexes to this Heading.

The Parties may hold consultations with the aim of agreeing amended TACs if either Party so requests. A written record documenting the arrangements made between the Parties as a result of consultations under this Article shall be produced and signed by the heads of delegation of the Parties.

Each Party shall give sufficient notice to the other Party before setting or amending TACs for the stocks listed in Annex FISH.3. The Parties agree to set up a mechanism for voluntary in-year transfers of fishing opportunities between the Parties, to take place each year. The Specialised Committee on Fisheries shall decide on the details of this mechanism. The Parties shall consider making transfers of fishing opportunities for stocks which are, or are projected to be, underfished available at market value through this mechanism. Article FISH.7: Provisional TACs

If the Parties have not agreed a TAC for a stock listed in Annex FISH.1 or Annex FISH.2A or B by 10 December, they shall immediately resume consultations with the continued aim of agreeing the TAC. The Parties shall engage frequently with a view to exploring all possible options for reaching agreement in the shortest possible time.

If a stock listed in Annex FISH.1 or Annex FISH.2A and B remains without an agreed TAC on 20 December, each Party shall set a provisional TAC corresponding to the level advised by ICES, applying from 1 January.

By derogation from paragraph 2, the TACs for special stocks shall be set in accordance with guidelines adopted under paragraph 5. For the purposes of this article, “special stocks” means:

(a) stocks where the ICES advice is for a zero TAC;

(b) stocks caught in a mixed fishery, if that stock or another stock in the same fishery is vulnerable;

or

(c) other stocks which the Parties consider require special treatment.

The Specialised Committee on Fisheries shall adopt guidelines by 1 July 2021 for the setting of provisional TACs for special stocks. Each year when advice is received from ICES on TACs, the Parties shall discuss, as a priority, the special stocks and the application of any guidelines set under paragraph 5 to the setting of provisional TACs by each Party. Each Party shall set its share for each of the provisional TACs, which shall not exceed its share as set out in the corresponding Annex. The provisional TACs and shares referred to in paragraphs 2, 3 and 7 shall apply until agreement is reached under paragraph 1. Each Party shall, immediately, notify the other Party of its provisional TACs under paragraphs 2 and 3 and its provisional share of each of those TACs under paragraph 7.

Article FISH.8: Access to waters

Provided that TACs have been agreed each Party shall grant vessels of the other Party access to fish in its waters in the relevant ICES sub-areas that year. Access shall be granted at a level and on conditions determined in those annual consultations. The Parties may agree, in annual consultations, further specific access conditions in relation to:

(a) the fishing opportunities agreed;

(b) any multi-year strategies for non-quota stocks developed under point (c) of Article FISH.16(1) [Specialised Committee on Fisheries]; and

(c) any technical and conservation measures agreed by the Parties, without prejudice to Article FISH.4 [Fisheries management].

The Parties shall conduct the annual consultations, including on the level and conditions of access referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article, in good faith and with the objective of ensuring a mutually satisfactory balance between the interests of both Parties. In particular, the outcome of the consultations should normally result in each Party granting: (a) access to fish the stocks listed in Annex FISH.1 and Annex FISH.2.A, B and F in each other’s EEZ (or if access is granted under point (c), in EEZs and in the divisions mentioned in that point) at a level that is reasonably commensurate with the Parties’ respective shares of the TACs;

(b) access to fish non-quota stocks in each other’s EEZ (or if access is granted under point (c), in EEZs and in the divisions mentioned in that point), at a level that at least equates to the average tonnage fished by that Party in the waters of the other Party during the period 2012-2016; and

(c) access to the waters of the Parties between six and twelve nautical miles from the baseline in ICES divisions 4c and 7d-g for qualifying vessels to the extent that Union fishing vessels and United Kingdom fishing vessels had access to those waters on 31 December 2020.

For the purposes of point (c), ‘qualifying vessel’ means a vessel of a Party which fished in the zone mentioned in the previous sentence in four of the years between 2012 and 2016, or its direct replacement.

Annual consultations referred to in point (c) may include appropriate financial commitments and quota transfers between the Parties.

During the application of a provisional TAC, and pending an agreed TAC, the Parties shall grant provisional access to fish in the relevant ICES sub-areas as follows (a) for stocks listed in Annex FISH.1 and non-quota stocks, from 1 January until 31 March at the levels

provided for in paragraph 4(a) and (b);

(b) for stocks listed in Annex FISH.2 from 1 January until 14 February at the levels provided for in paragraph 4(a); and

(c) in relation to access to fish in the six to twelve nautical miles zone, access in accordance with paragraph 4(c) from 1 January to 31 January at a level equivalent to the average monthly tonnage fished in that zone in the previous 3 months.

Such access, for each of the relevant stocks in points (a) and (b), shall be in proportion to the average percentage of a Party’s share of the annual TAC which that Party’s vessels fished in the other Party’s waters in the relevant ICES sub-areas during the same period of the previous three calendar years.

The same shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to access to fish non-quota stocks.

By 15 January in relation to the situation in point (c) of this paragraph, by 31 January in respect of the stocks listed in Annex FISH.2, and by 15 March in respect of all other stocks, each Party shall notify the other Party of the change in the level and conditions of access to waters that will apply as of 1 February in relation to the situation in point (c), as of 15 February in respect of the stocks listed in Annex FISH.2, and as of 1 April in respect of all other stocks for the relevant ICES sub-areas.

Without prejudice to Article FISH.7(1) and (8)[Provisional TACs], after the period of one month in relation to the situation in point (c) of paragraph 5, one and a half months in respect of the stocks listed in Annex FISH.2 and three months in respect of all other stocks, the Parties shall seek to agree further provisional access arrangements at the appropriate geographical level with the aim of minimising disruption to fishing activities.

In granting access under paragraph 1, a Party may take into account compliance of individual or groups of vessels with the applicable rules in its waters during the preceding year, and measures taken by the other Party pursuant to Article FISH.5(2) [Authorisations, compliance and enforcement] during the preceding year.

This Article shall apply subject to Annex FISH.4 [Protocol on access to waters].

Article FISH.9: 

Compensatory measures in case of withdrawal or reduction of access

Following a notification by a Party (“host Party”) under Article FISH.8(5)[Access to waters], the other Party (“fishing Party”) may take compensatory measures commensurate to the economic and societal impact of the change in the level and conditions of access to waters. Such impact shall be measured on the basis of reliable evidence and not merely on conjecture and remote possibility.

Giving priority to those compensatory measures which will least disturb the functioning of this Agreement, the fishing Party may suspend, in whole or in part, access to its waters and the preferential tariff treatment granted to fishery products under Article GOODS.5[Prohibition and customs duties].

A compensatory measure referred to in paragraph 1 may take effect at the earliest seven days after the fishing Party has given notice to the host Party of the intended suspension under paragraph1 and, in any case, not earlier than 1 February in relation to the situation in point (c) of Article 8(5)[Access to waters], 15 February in respect of Annex FISH.2 and 1 April in respect of other stocks. The Parties shall consult within the Specialised Committee with a view to reaching a mutually agreeable solution. That notification shall identify:

(a) the date upon which the fishing Party intends to suspend; and

(b) the obligations to be suspended and the level of the intended suspension.

After the notification of the compensatory measures in accordance with paragraph 2, the host Party may request the establishment of an arbitration tribunal pursuant to Article INST.14 [Arbitration procedure] of Title I [Dispute settlement] of Part Six, without having recourse to consultations in accordance with Article INST.13 [Consultations]. The arbitration tribunal may only review the conformity of the compensatory measures with paragraph 1. The arbitration tribunal shall treat the issue as a case of urgency for the purpose of Article INST.19 [Urgent proceedings] of Title I [Dispute settlement] of Part Six.

When the conditions for taking compensatory measures referred to in paragraph 1 are no longer met, such measures shall be withdrawn immediately. Following a finding against the fishing Party in the procedure referred to in paragraph 3, the host Party may request the arbitration tribunal, within 30 days from its ruling, to determine a level of suspension of obligations under this Agreement not exceeding the level equivalent to the nullification or impairment caused by the application of the compensatory measures, if it finds that the inconsistency of the compensatory measures with paragraph 1 is significant. The request shall propose a level of suspension in accordance with the principles set out in paragraph 1 and any relevant principles set out in Article INST.34C [Suspension of obligations for the purposes of LPFS.3.12(12), Article FISH.9(5) and Article FISH.14(7)]. The host Party may apply the level of suspension of obligations under this Agreement in accordance with the level of suspension determined by the arbitration tribunal, no sooner than 15 days following such ruling.

A Party shall not invoke the WTO Agreement or any other international agreement to preclude the other Party from suspending obligations under this Article.

Article FISH.10: 

Access to waters of the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey and the Isle of Man

By derogation from Articles FISH.8(1) and (3) to (7) [Access to waters], FISH.9 [Compensatory measures in case of withdrawal or reduction of access] and Annex FISH.4 [Protocol on access to waters], each Party shall grant vessels of the other Party access to fish in its waters reflecting the actual extent and nature of fishing activity that it can be demonstrated was carried out during the period beginning on 1 February 2017 and ending on 31 January 2020 by qualifying vessels of the other Party in the waters and under any treaty arrangements that existed on 31 January 2020.

For the purposes of this Article and, in so far as the other Articles in this Heading apply in relation to the arrangements for access established under this Article:

(a) “qualifying vessel” means, in respect of fishing activity carried out in waters adjacent to the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey, the Isle of Man or a Member State, any vessel which fished in the territorial sea adjacent to that territory or that Member State on more than 10 days in any of the three 12 month periods ending on 31 January on, or between, 1 February 2017 and 31 January 2020;

(b) “vessel” (of a Party)” means, in respect of the United Kingdom, a fishing vessel flying the flag of the United Kingdom and registered in the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey or the Isle of Man, and licensed by a United Kingdom fisheries administration;

(c) “waters” (of a Party) means:

(i) in respect of the Union, the territorial sea adjacent to a Member State; and

(ii) in respect of the United Kingdom, the territorial sea adjacent to each of the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey and the Isle of Man.

At the request of either Party, the Partnership Council shall decide, within 90 days of the entry into force of this Agreement, that this Article, Article FISH.11 [Notification periods relating to the importation and direct landing of fisheries products] and any other provisions of this Heading in so far as they relate to the arrangements provided for in those Articles as well as paragraphs 3 to 5 of Article OTH.9 [Geographical application] shall cease to apply in respect of one or more of Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey and the Isle of Man, following 30 days from this decision.

The Partnership Council may decide to amend this Article, Article FISH.11 [Notification periods relating to the importation and direct landing of fisheries products] and any other provisions of this Heading in so far as they relate to the arrangements provided for in those Articles. 

Article FISH.11: 

Notification periods relating to the importation and direct landing of fisheries products

The Union shall apply the following notification periods to fisheries products caught by vessels flying the flag of the United Kingdom and registered in the Bailiwick of Guernsey or the Bailiwick of Jersey in the territorial sea adjacent to those territories or in the territorial sea adjacent to a Member State:

(a) prior notification between three and five hours before landing fresh fisheries products into the Union’s territory;

(b) prior notification between one and three hours of the validated catch certificate for the direct movement of consignments of fisheries products by sea before the estimated time of arrival at the place of entry into the Union’s territory.

For the purposes of this Article only, “fisheries products” means all species of marine fish, molluscs and crustaceans. 

Article FISH.12: 

Alignment of management areas By 1 July 2021, the Parties shall request advice from ICES on the alignment of the management areas and the assessment units used by ICES for the stocks marked with an asterisk in Annex FISH.1.

Within six months of receipt of the advice referred to in paragraph 1, the Parties shall jointly review that advice and shall jointly consider adjustments to the management areas of the stocks concerned, with a view to agreeing consequential changes to the list of stocks and shares set out in Annex FISH.1.

Article FISH.13: 

Shares of TACs for certain other stocks

The Parties’ respective shares of the TACs for certain other stocks are set out in Annex FISH.2. Each Party shall notify the relevant States and international organisations of its shares in accordance with the sharing arrangement set out in Annex FISH.2A to D.

Any subsequent changes to those shares in Annex FISH.2C and D are a matter for the relevant multilateral fora. Without prejudice to the powers of the Partnership Council in Article 16(3)[Specialised Committee on Fisheries], any subsequent changes to the shares Annex FISH.2A and B after 30 June 2026 are a matter for the relevant multilateral fora. Both Parties shall approach the management of those stocks in Annex FISH.2A to D in accordance with the objectives and principles set out in Article FISH.2[Objectives and principles].

Chapter four: Arrangements on governance

Article FISH.14: 

Remedial measures and dispute resolution In relation to an alleged failure by a Party (“the respondent Party”) to comply with this Heading (other than in relation to alleged failures dealt with under paragraph 2), the other Party (“the complaining Party”) may, after giving notice to the respondent Party:

a) suspend, in whole or in part, access to its waters and the preferential tariff treatment granted to fishery products under Article GOODS.5[Prohibition of customs duties]; and (b) if it considers that the suspension referred to in point (a) is not commensurate to the economic and societal impact of the alleged failure, it may suspend, in whole or in part, the preferential tariff treatment of other goods under Article GOODS.5[Prohibition of customs duties]; and

(c) if it considers that the suspension referred to in points (a) and (b) is not commensurate to the economic and societal impact of the alleged failure, it may suspend, in whole or in part, obligations under Heading One [Trade] of Part Two [Economic Partnership] with the exception of Title XI [Level Playing Field for open and fair competition and sustainable development]. If Heading One [Trade] is suspended in whole, Heading Three [Road Transport] is also suspended.

In relation to an alleged failure by a Party (the “respondent Party”) to comply with Article FISH.10 [Access to waters of the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey and the Isle of Man], FISH.11 [Notification periods relating to the importation and direct landing of fisheries products] or any other provision of this Heading in so far as it relates to the arrangements provided for in those Articles, the other Party (“the complaining Party”), after giving notice to the respondent Party: (a) may suspend, in whole or in part, access to its waters within the meaning of Article FISH.10 [Access to waters of the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey and the Isle of Man];

(b) if it considers that the suspension referred to in point (a) is not commensurate to the economic and societal impact of the alleged failure, it may suspend, in whole or in part, the preferential tariff treatment granted to fisheries products under Article GOODS.5 [Prohibition of customs duties];

(c) if it considers that the suspension referred to in points (a) and (b) is not commensurate to the economic and societal impact of the alleged failure, it may suspend, in whole or in part, the preferential tariff treatment of other goods under Article GOODS.5 [Prohibition of customs duties]; and by way of derogation from paragraph 1, remedial measures affecting the arrangements established under Article FISH.10 [Access to waters of the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey and the Isle of Man], Article FISH.11 [Notification periods relating to the importation and direct landing of fisheries products]or any other provision of this Heading in so far as it relates to the arrangements provided for in those Articles may not be taken as a result of an alleged failure by a Party to comply with provisions of the Heading unconnected to those arrangements.

Measures referred to paragraphs 1 and 2 shall be proportionate to the alleged failure by the respondent Party and the economic and societal impact thereof. A measure referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 may take effect at the earliest seven days after the complaining Party has given the respondent Party notice of the proposed suspension. The Parties shall consult within the Specialised Committee on Fisheries with a view to reaching a mutually agreeable solution. That notification shall identify:

(a) the way in which the complaining Party considers that the respondent Party has failed to comply;

(b) the date upon which the complaining Party intends to suspend; and

(c) the level of intended suspension.

The complaining Party must, within 14 days of the notification referred to in paragraph 4 challenge the alleged failure by the respondent Party to comply with this Heading, as referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2, by requesting the establishment of an arbitration tribunal under INST.14 [Arbitration Procedure] of Title I [Dispute settlement] of Part Six. Recourse to arbitration under this Article shall be made without having prior recourse to consultations under Article INST.13 [Consultations]. An arbitration tribunal shall treat the issue as a case of urgency for the purpose of Article INST.19 [Urgent proceedings] of Title I [Dispute settlement] of Part Six. The suspension shall cease to apply when: (a) the complaining Party is satisfied that the respondent Party is complying with its relevant obligations under this Heading; or

(b) the arbitration tribunal has decided that the respondent Party has not failed to comply with its relevant obligations under this Heading.

Following a finding against the complaining Party in the procedure referred to in paragraph 5, the respondent Party may request the arbitration tribunal, within 30 days from its ruling, to determine a level of suspension of obligations under this Agreement not exceeding the level equivalent to the nullification or impairment caused by the application of the compensatory measures, if it finds that the inconsistency of the compensatory measures with paragraphs 1 or 2 is significant. The request shall propose a level of suspension in accordance with paragraphs 1 or 2 and any relevant principles set out in Article INST.34C [Suspension of obligations for the purposes of OTHS.3.12(12), Article FISH.9(5) and Article FISH.14(7)]. The respondent Party may apply the level of suspension of obligations under this Agreement in accordance with the level of suspension determined by the arbitration tribunal, no sooner than 15 days following such ruling. A Party shall not invoke the WTO Agreement or any other international agreement to preclude the other Party from suspending obligations under this Article.

Article FISH.15: Data sharing

The Parties shall share such information as is necessary to support the implementation of this Heading subject to each Party’s laws.

Article FISH.16: 

Specialised Committee on Fisheries

The Specialised Committee on Fisheries may in particular: (a) provide a forum for discussion and co-operation in relation to sustainable fisheries management;

(b) consider the development of multi-year strategies for conservation and management as the basis for the setting of TACs and other management measures;

(c) develop multi-year strategies for the conservation and management of non-quota stocks as referred to in paragraph 2(b) of Article FISH.8 [Access to waters];

(d) consider measures for fisheries management and conservation, including emergency measures and measures to ensure selectivity of fishing;

(e) consider approaches to the collection of data for science and fisheries management purposes, the sharing of such data (including information relevant to monitoring, controlling and enforcing compliance), and the consultation of scientific bodies regarding the best available scientific advice;

(f) consider measures to ensure compliance with the applicable rules, including joint control, monitoring and surveillance programmes and the exchange of data to facilitate monitoring uptake of fishing opportunities and control and enforcement;

(g) develop the guidelines for setting the TACs referred to in paragraph 5 of Article FISH.7 [Provisional TACs];

(h) make preparations for annual consultations;

(i) consider matters relating to the designation of ports for landings, including the facilitation of the timely notification by the Parties of such designations and of any changes to those designations;

(j) establish timelines for the notification of measures referred to in Article FISH.4(3) [Fisheries management], the communication of the lists of vessels referred to in Article FISH.5(1) [Authorisations, compliance and enforcement] and the notice referred to in Article FISH.6(7) [Fishing opportunities];

(k) provide a forum for consultations under Article FISH.9(2) [Compensatory measures] and Article FISH.14(4) [Remedial measures];

(l) develop guidelines to support the practical application of Article FISH.8 [Access to waters];

(m) develop a mechanism for voluntary in-year transfers of fishing opportunities between the Parties, as referred to in Article FISH.6(8)[Fishing Opportunities]; and

(n) consider the application and implementation of Article FISH.10 [Access to waters of the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey and the Isle of Man] and Article FISH.11 [Notification periods relating to the importation and direct landing of fisheries products].

The Specialised Committee on Fisheries may adopt measures, including decisions and recommendations: (a) recording matters agreed by the Parties following consultations under Article FISH.6 [Fishing opportunities];

(b) in relation to any of the matters referred to in points (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), (i), (j), (l), (m) and

(n) of paragraph 1 of this Article;

(c) amending the list of pre-existing international obligations referred to in paragraph 2 of Article FISH.4 [Fisheries management]

(d) in relation to any other aspect of co-operation on sustainable fisheries management under this Heading; and

(e) on the modalities of a review under Article FISH.18[Review].

The Partnership Council shall have the power to amend Annexes FISH.1, FISH.2, and FISH.3. Article FISH.17: Termination

Without prejudice to Article FINPROV.8 [Termination] or Article OTH.10 [Termination of Part Two], each Party may at any moment terminate this Heading, by written notification through diplomatic channels. In that event, Heading One [Trade], Heading Two [Aviation], Heading Three [Road transport] and this Heading [Fisheries] shall cease to be in force on the first day of the ninth month following the date of notification. In the event of termination of this Heading pursuant to paragraph 1, Article FINPROV.8 [Termination] or Article OTH.10 [Termination of Part Two], obligations entered into by the Parties under this Heading for the year ongoing at the time when the Heading ceases to be in force shall continue to apply until the end of the year.

Notwithstanding paragraph 1, Heading Two [Aviation] may remain in force, if the Parties agree to integrate the relevant parts of Title XI [Level playing field for open and fair competition and sustainable development].

By way of derogation from paragraphs 1 to 3 and without prejudice to Article FINPROV.8 [Termination] or Article OTH.10 [Termination of Part Two]: (a) unless agreed otherwise between the Parties, Article FISH.10 [Access to waters of the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey and the Isle of Man], Article FISH.11 [Notification periods relating to the importation and direct landing of fisheries products] and any other provision of this Heading in so far as it relates to the arrangements provided for in those Articles, shall remain in force until:

(i) they are terminated by either Party giving to the other Party three years’ written notice of termination; or

(ii) if earlier, the date on which paragraphs 3 to 5 of Article OTH.9[Geographical application] cease to be in force;

(b) for the purposes of paragraph 4(a)(i), notice of termination may be given in respect of one or more of the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey or the Isle of Man and Article FISH.10 [Access to waters of the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey and the Isle of Man], Article FISH.11 [Notification periods relating to the importation and direct landing of fisheries products] and any other provision of this Heading in so far as it relates to the arrangements provided for in those Articles, shall continue to be in force for those territories in respect of which a notice of termination has not been given; and

(c) for the purposes of paragraph 4(a)(ii), if paragraphs 3 to 5 of Article OTH.9[Geographical application] of the Agreement cease to be in force in relation to one or more (but not all) of the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey or the Isle of Man, Article FISH.10 [Access to waters of the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey and the Isle of Man], Article FISH.11 [Notification periods relating to the importation and direct landing of fisheries products] and any other provision of this Heading in so far as it relates to the arrangements provided for in those Articles, shall continue to be in force for those territories in respect of which paragraphs 3 to 5 of Article OTH.9 [Geographical application] remain in force.

Article FISH.18: 

Review clause

The Parties, within the Partnership Council, shall jointly review the implementation of this Heading four years after the end of the adjustment period referred to in the Article 1 of Annex FISH.4 [Protocol on access to waters] with the aim of considering whether arrangements, including in relation to access to waters, can be further codified and strengthened. Such a review may be repeated at subsequent intervals of four years after the conclusion of the first review. The Parties shall decide, in advance, on the modalities of the review through the Specialised Committee on Fisheries. The review shall, in particular, allow for an evaluation, in relation to the previous years, of:

(a) the provisions for access to each other’s waters under Article FISH.8 [Access to waters];

(b) the shares of TACs set out in the Annexes FISH.1, 2 and 3;

(c) the number and extent of transfers as part of annual consultations under Article FISH.6(4) [Fishing opportunities] and any transfers under Article FISH.6(8) [Fishing opportunities];

(d) the fluctuations in annual TACs;

(e) compliance by both Parties with the provisions of this Heading and the compliance by vessels of each Party with the rules applicable to those vessels when in the other Party’s waters;

(f) the nature and extent of co-operation under this Heading; and

(g) any other element the Parties decide, in advance, through the Specialised Committee on

fisheries.

Article FISH.19: Relationship with other agreements

Subject to paragraph 2, this Heading shall be without prejudice to other existing agreements concerning fishing by vessels of a Party within the area of jurisdiction of the other Party.

This Heading shall supersede and replace any existing agreements or arrangements with respect to fishing by Union fishing vessels in the territorial sea adjacent to the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey or the Isle of Man and with respect to fishing by United Kingdom fishing vessels registered in the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey or the Isle of Man in the territorial sea adjacent to a Member State. However, in case the Partnership Council has taken a decision in accordance with Article 10(3) [Access to waters of the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey and the Isle of Man] for the Agreement to cease to apply in respect of the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey or the Isle of Man, the relevant agreements or arrangements shall not be superseded and replaced in respect of the territory or territories for which such a decision has been taken.



Annexe fish 2:





Annexe fish 3: